In Ecuador, the “Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias” (INIAP) has generated more than 16 genotypes, among them the recently released clones: INIAP EETP 800 Aroma Pichilingue e INIAP EETP 801 Fino Pichilingue. These have a range of action approved for the central area of production in Ecuador, in the area near the upper basin of the Guayas River. Tests are conducted on the Coastal region for future approval, but only 2 years from now, when results are gathered, can the clones be recommended. High endurance can be measured based on the result that the Nacional cacao regenerated by the INIAP has a production between 1 to 1,2 t/ha. CCN51 cacao production has oscillated between 1,5 to 2 t/ha. Nowadays with the new clones we are expecting an average of 2 t/ha. The new clones are a hybrid between National cacao and CCN-51 and they have inherited the high productivity characteristic from the CCN-51 but also the quality of Nacional cacao.
New Cacao Clones Developed In Ecuador.